FUN DONUT FACT:

donut doughnut chocolateIt's National Pastry Day

National Pastry Day is celebrated each year on December 9. Pastry is a name given to a large variety baked goods which are made with ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder and eggs.

Pastry dough is rolled out thinly and then used as a base for different baked products. A few of the more common bakery items include pies, tarts, quiches and pasties.

  • Pastries can be traced as far back as the ancient Mediterranean where they had almost paper-thin, multilayered baklava and Phyllo dough.

  • Pastry making began in Northern Europe after the Crusaders brought it back from the Mediterranean.

  • French and Italian Renaissance chefs eventually perfected the puff and choux pastries while 17th and 18th-century chefs brought new recipes to the table. Included in the new recipes were; Napoleons, cream puffs and eclairs.

Culinary historians often consider French pastry chef Antonin Careme (1784 – 1833) to have been the original great master of pastry making in modern times.

There are many different types of pastry, most of which would fall into one of the following categories:

  • crousant doughboys donutsShortcrust pastry – simplest and most common.

  • Sweetcrust pastry – similar to the shortcrust but sweeter.

  • Flaky pastry – simple pastry that expands when cooked.

  • Puff pastry – has many layers that cause it to puff when baked.

  • Choux pastry – very light pastry that is often filled with cream or other fillings.

  • Phyllo pastry – paper-thin pastry dough that is used in many layers.

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